Last updated May 05, 2021
Like loading bays and red routes, yellow box junctions control traffic flow by eliminating traffic jams and maintaining a clear junction for through-traffic. They also keep segments of road space free to ensure emergency vehicles always have a clear exit from fire stations, police stations and hospitals.
This guide defines and explains the rules for using yellow box junctions safely.
Indicated by criss-crossed yellow lines on the road, yellow box junctions are found at the junction of two or more roads and occasionally at roundabouts or outside emergency service stations. Yellow box junctions do not require any additional signage.
You can enter a yellow box junction when your exit is clear and there’s enough space on the other side of the junction for your vehicle to clear the box without stopping. There are two legal reasons for stopping in a yellow box junction:
You’re allowed to stop in a yellow box is when you are turning right. You must still make sure your exit road is clear, but you may have to wait for a gap in oncoming traffic before making the turn. If such cases, you’re allowed to stay in the box until it’s safe to turn right. Follow our simple guidelines below to make a safe right turn:
Penalty Charge Notices (PCNs) are designed to deter drivers from breaking the Highway Code and causing traffic jams. If you flout yellow box junction rules you could be issued a PCN, so stay safe and compliant by following our yellow box junction guidance.
You can be fined if you get stuck in a yellow box junction by not following the rules. There are often cameras installed at busy junctions which catch drivers who stop inappropriately within the yellow hatching. The fine will depend on how quickly you pay and where in the country you’re caught. In London, fixed penalty notices (FPNs) of up to £130 are standard, whereas you’ll pay a maximum of £70 outside the capital.
It’s also worth noting that if you fail to pay a PCN or FPN within 28 days, you’ll receive a charge certificate which adds 50% to your original fine.